Politics of Fear in China: Media, Public and the State

How does China generate foreign threats to support state behavior abroad? This paper seeks to address threat-framing strategy in Chinese foreign policy making process under Xi’s presidency 2013 – 2016. Centering on the conception of threat (weixie, 威胁), this study attempts to analyze approximately 20,000 news articles containing weixie published from China’s major state-owned newspapers — People’s Daily and Xinhua News Agency in order to see how Chinese media frames fear. Also, this study traces the public discourse on weixie through a major Chinese social media — Weibo. Employing content analysis to examine these data, this study shows how China sees external dangers, frames them as threats through media, manages the public to talk, and utilizes it as foreign policy leverage.

The Relative Identities and the Relational Stability in International Politics: South Korea’s Relative Identities toward North Korea and Japan

The two relations, inter-Koreas and South Korea-Japan, have been thought of as being in some way analogous in that cooperation and conflict are intrinsically embedded. However, the relations are of a different nature. Why the inter-Korea relations are unstable and South Korea-Japan relations are relatively stable? This thesis analyzes the two international partners whose relations with South Korea are crucial in geopolitics, security, economy and culture. This is to answer the question how much the inter-state relations are stable. The hypothesis is that the difference in the relative identity will affect the relational stability of the two different relations. To measure the relational stability, this study focuses on the continuity of the state behavior between 1990 – 2010. The independent variable, relative identity, is indicated by the editorials of the two dominant newspaper, Chosun-ilbo and Hankyoreh. For the inter-Korea relations and North Korea issues, Chosun-ilbo and Hankyoreh have published 671 and 573 respectively. And for the South Korea-Japan issues, the two newspapers have published 188 and 227 respectively.